Due to "violent crime and gang activity," the State Department has warned people from traveling to the following Mexican states: Colima, Guerrero, Michoacán, Sinaloa and Tamaulipas. Eleven more states (Mexico has 32) have travel advisories in effect.
A Level 1 warning means "excercise normal precautions." A Level 2 warning means "exercise extreme caution." A Level 3 warning means "reconsider travel." A Level 4 warning means "do not travel."
No state has a Level 1 warning. Sixteen states have Level 2 warnings.
In the first three months of 2019, there were 8,493 murders in Mexico. In 2018, there were a total of 33,500 murders in Mexico.
On November 4, nine American Mormons living in Northern Mexico, including six children, were killed by gunmen while they drove from Sonora to Chihuahua.
On October 18, a deadly gun battle broke out in Culican in the state of Sinoloa when Mexican authorities tried to arrest Ovidio Guzmán, one of infamous cartel leader El Chapo's sons. Several people were killed and Guzmán went uncaptured.
On January 6, seven people were killed in a bar shooting in Playa del Carmen.
On January 1, an attendee of the Flying Circus rave party in south of Tulum was shot and killed near the Zamna Cenote.
Attending festival and concert events on the so-called Riviera Maya can be dangerous. There were more than 700 murders committed in the state of Qunitana Roo – where Cancun, Playa del Carmen and Tulum are – in 2018. Howeover, there are no U.S. travel restrictions for the state at this time.
On Feb. 21, 2018, an explosion on a ferry docked on the Playa del Carmen pier injured 25 people; a second bomb that didn't detonate was found on another ferry.
On Dec. 19, 2017, a bus taking tourists to ruins in Quintana Roo state crashed, killing 12 people and injuring 18.
Also in 2017, there were shootings at two clubs in Playa del Carmen. One person was killed in a cartel-related shooting at a club there on July 2 when three gunmen opened fire on the crowd. This followed the Jan. 16 club shooting in Playa that killed five and injured 15.
These are Mexico's Level 3 and Level 4 states:
Chihuahua (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity are widespread."
Coahuila (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity are common in parts of Coahuila state."
Colima (Level 4): "Violent crime and gang activity are widespread."
Durango (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity are common in Durango state."
Estado de Mexico (Level 3): "Both violent crime and non-violent crime is prevalent in Estado de Mexico."
Guerrero (Level 4): "Armed groups operate independently of the goverment in many areas. Members of these groups frequently maintain roadblocks and may use violence towards travelers."
Jalisco (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity are common in parts of Jalisco state."
Michoacán (Level 4): "Do not travel due to crime."
Morelos (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity are common in parts of Moreles state."
Nayarit (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity are common in parts of Nayarit state."
Nuevo Leon (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity are common in parts of Nuevo Leon state."
San Luis Potosi (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity are common in parts of San Luis Potosi."
Sinaloa (Level 4): "Do not travel due to crime. Violent crime is widespread. Criminal organizations are based and operating in Sinoloa."
Sonora (Level 3): "Reconsider travel due to crime"
Tamaulipas (Level 4): "Do not travel due to crime."
Zacatecas (Level 3): "Violent crime and gang activity along are common in parts of Zacatecas state.."
The states with Level 2 warnings are: Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico City (Federal District), Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz and Yucatan.
This article was originally posted in 2014. It has been updated numerous times.