Legalization Initiatives on the 2022 Ballot in Five States

Currently, there are 19 states that have legalized adult cannabis use.

Ballot initiatives are a practical way to pass marijuana legalization in states that allow them to change laws.

Eleven of the 19 states that have legalized adult use did it via ballot initiatives. The rest, and most recent, are the result of legislation moving through state chambers and signed by supportive governors. The latest state to succeed in this fashion was Rhode Island. A similar effort in Delaware ended with a veto.

So far five states - Arkansas, Maryland, Missouri, North Dakota and South Dakota - have confirmed cannabis initiaives in November. According to NORML, two more states - Nebraska and Oklahoma - are hoping to qualify.




Despite more than enough signatures submitted by Responsible Growth Arkansas, the state's Booard of Elections rejected the Arkansas Marijuana Legalization Initiative on a technicality. However, on August 11, the state Supreme Court overruled that decision. The Act, which would amend the Arkansas Constitution if it passes, does not allow for home grow and would institute a 10% state sales tax.

Image via Leaf magazine



Like in New Jersey, the Maryland legislature punted the issue to voters, who will get to weigh in at the ballot in November. The Marijuana Legalization Amendment (Question 4) would amend the Maryland Constitution.if it passes.

Image via Capital News Service



The Marijuana Legalization Initiative (Amendment 3) would amend the Missouri Constitution if it passes. It's being supported by the Legal Missouri 2022 PAC. The Act allows for home grow (6 plants) and would institute a 6% state sales tax.

image via Forebes


North Dakota

The Marijuana Legalization Initiative is on the 2022 ballot. It would allow adutls to possess one ounce and grow three plants. 

Image via Freedom Leaf


South Dakota

The Marijuana Legalization Amendment (Measure 27) is on the 2022 ballot. It would amend the South Dakota Constitution of passed. The measure allows for home grow (six plants).  In 2020, voters passed Amendment A by a 53% margin, but it was overturned by state courts

Augmented South Dakota map




Two initiatives are vying for the November ballot: The Medical Cannabis Patient Protection Act, which protects patients with serious health conditions and their caregivers from arrest, and the Medical Cannabis Commission ActPetition signatures have been submitted.



Two initiatives are vying for the November ballot. They have the same name - The Marijuana Legalization Initiative - but only SQ 819 is a constitutional amendment. Petition signatures ave been submitted for the 2022 ballot.



States That Have Legalized Adult Use

Via Ballot Initiatives

Alaska, Arizona, California. Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington

Via Legislation

Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia


This article was originally posted on June 16. It has been updated several times.


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Steve Bloom

Steve Bloom

Publisher of, former editor of High Times and Freedom Leaf and co-author of Pot Culture and Reefer Movie Madness.