There are now 21 U.S. states with adult-use (AU) marijuana laws. Several more states might join them in 2023. They are:
The First State may be among the last to legalize if Democratic Gov. John Carney has his way. He vetoed legislation last May that would've added Delaware to the list of legal AU states. The effort has begun again in the statehouse, which may now have enough votes to override another veto. Delaware is currently a medical-marijuana and decrim state.
The Aloha State, known for famous landrace strains like Maui Wowie and Kona Gold, has lagged behind on AU legalization. Multiple bills competed in the statehouse and Democratic Gov. Josh Green favors legalization. However, the legislature failed to agree on one bill and punted it to 2024.
The state legislature appears to be on a path to approve AU legalization. House Bill 100 allows adults to possess five pounds and grow up to eight plants at home. The state's Democratic Gov. Tim Walz says he'll sign the bill. Minnesota is currently a medical-marijuana and decrim state.
In 2015, Issue 3 lost by a 65%-35% margin at the polls. That failure was mostly due to lack of support from the cannabis community over monopoly concerns and an off-year election. Ohio may do the same in 2023 with another off-year cannabis vote. It's up to the legislature to act. If it doesn't then voters will get to decide in November. The Ohio Marijuana Legalization Inititiative would allow adults to possess 2.5 ounces and grow up to 12 plants at home. Ohio is currently a medical-marijuana and decrim state.
Oklahoma was expected to be the first of these five states to pass AU legalization on March 7 when residents voted on Question 820, the Marijuana Legalization Initiative. However, it lost by a whopping 62%-38% margin. The initiative allowed adults to possess one ounce and grow up to six plants at home.
With 37 medical-marijuana states, only the reddest states remain holdouts. Efforts are being made in Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Nebraska, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia and Wisconsin to change the medical cannabis laws.
Adult-use legalization will pass in Oklahoma and Minnesota.